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Test ID: BA190 BCR/ABL1, p190, mRNA Detection, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Quantitative, Monitoring Assay, Varies

Reporting Name

BCR/ABL1, p190, Quant, Monitor

Useful For

Monitoring response to therapy in patients with known e1/a2 BCR/ABL1 (p190) fusion forms

Specimen Type


Ordering Guidance

This test should not be used to screen for BCR/ABL1 fusions at the time of diagnosis; order either BADX / BCR/ABL1, Qualitative, Diagnostic Assay, Varies; or BCRFX / BCR/ABL1 Qualitative Diagnostic Assay with Reflex to BCR/ABL1 p190 Quantitative Assay or BCR/ABL1 p210 Quantitative Assay, Varies should be ordered for that purpose.


To monitor patients carrying BCR/ABL1 fusion forms coding for the p210 protein, which includes most patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML); order BCRAB / BCR/ABL, p210, mRNA Detection, Reverse Transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Quantitative, Monitoring Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), Varies.

Shipping Instructions

Refrigerate specimens must arrive within 5 days (120 hours) of collection, and ambient specimens must arrive within 3 days (72 hours) of collection. Collect and package specimen as close to shipping time as possible.

Necessary Information

The following information is required:

1. Pertinent clinical history including if the patient has a diagnosis of chronic myelogenous leukemia or other BCR/ABL1-positive neoplasm

2. Date of collection

3. Specimen source (blood or bone marrow)

Specimen Required

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:



Specimen Type: Whole blood


Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA)

Acceptable: Yellow top (ACD)

Specimen Volume: 10 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

3. Label specimen as blood.


Specimen Type: Bone marrow


Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA)

Acceptable: Yellow top (ACD)

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix bone marrow.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

3. Label specimen as bone marrow.

Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 4 mL
Bone marrow: 2 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 5 days PURPLE OR PINK TOP/EDTA
  Ambient  72 hours PURPLE OR PINK TOP/EDTA

Reference Values

The presence or absence of the BCR/ABL1 mRNA fusion form producing the p190 fusion protein is reported. If positive, the level is reported as the ratio of BCR/ABL1 (p190) transcript to ABL1 transcript in the form of a percentage.

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday

Test Classification

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
BA190 BCR/ABL1, p190, Quant, Monitor In Process


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
39470 BCR/ABL1 p190 Result No LOINC Needed
MP002 Specimen Type 31208-2
19765 Interpretation 69047-9

Clinical Information

mRNA transcribed from BCR/ABL1 (fusion of the breakpoint cluster region gene [BCR] at chromosome 22q11 to the Abelson gene [ABL1] at chromosome 9q34) is detected in all patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and a subset of patients with both acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although breakpoints in the BCR and ABL1 genes may occur in a variety of locations, splicing of the primary RNA transcripts result in only 8 fusion site variants (e1/a2, e6/a2, e13/a2, e14/a2, e19/a2, and e1/a3, e13/a3, e14/a3), which incorporate the entire sequence of the exons on both sides of the fusion site. The e1/a2 and e1/a3 fusion forms produce a 190-kDa protein designated p190. This BCR/ABL1 protein form is found in approximately 75% of patients with childhood ALL and approximately 50% of patients with adult ALL, with the majority arising from e1/a2 mRNA. The p190 is also the predominant fusion form in a small subset of patients with CML, although the vast majority of CML cases contain the p210 protein, typically from e13/a2 or e14/a2 mRNA fusions. Other fusion forms are very rare.


Quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is the most sensitive method for monitoring BCR/ABL1 levels during treatment. This test detects mRNA coding for the most common p190 fusion form (e1/a2).


An interpretive report will be provided.

Clinical Reference

1. Hughes TP, Kaeda J, Branford S, et al: Frequency of major molecular responses to imatinib or interferon alfa plus cytarabine in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia. N Engl J Med 2003;349:1423-1432

2. Radich JP, Gooley T, Bryant E, et al: The significance of BCR/ABL molecular detection in chronic myeloid leukemia patients "late," 18 months or more after transplantation. Blood 2001;98:1701-1707

3. Olavarria E, Kanfer E, Szydlo R, et al: Early detection of BCR-ABL transcripts by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction predicts outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplant for chronic myeloid leukemia. Blood 2001;97:1560-1565

Report Available

4 to 8 days

Method Name

Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)


1. Hematopathology Patient Information (T676) in Special Instructions

2. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726) with the specimen.

Testing Algorithm

See BCR/ABL1 Ordering Guide for Blood and Bone Marrow in Special Instructions.

Mayo Clinic Laboratories | Hematology Catalog Additional Information: