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Test ID: PVJAK Polycythemia Vera, JAK2 V617F with Reflex to JAK2 Exon 12-15, Sequencing for Erythrocytosis, Varies

Shipping Instructions

Specimen must arrive within 5 days (120 hours) of collection.

Necessary Information

The following information is required:

1. Pertinent clinical history

2. Clinical or morphologic suspicion

3. Date of collection

4. Specimen source

Specimen Required

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:


Specimen Type: Blood

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD-B)

Specimen Volume: 10 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send whole blood specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

3. Label specimen as blood.


Specimen Type: Bone marrow aspirate

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD-B)

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send bone marrow specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

3. Label specimen as bone marrow.


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726) with the specimen.

Useful For

Aiding in the distinction between the myeloproliferative neoplasm polycythemia vera and other secondary erythrocytosis

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
JAKXR JAK2 Exon 12-15 Sequencing, Reflex Yes, (order JAKXB-blood or JAKXM-bone marrow), Bill Only No

Testing Algorithm

Both DNA and RNA are extracted. The algorithm starts with a highly sensitive DNA-based JAK2 V617F test by allele specific polymerase chain reaction. If the JAK2 V617F result is negative or very low positive (0.06%-0.6%), JAK2 exon 12-15 Sanger sequencing will be performed on the stored RNA sample. If a JAK2 V617F mutation (>0.6%) is detected, no further testing will be performed.


The Sanger sequencing covers JAK2 exons 12 through the first 90% of exon 15, which spans the region containing essentially all mutations reported in myeloproliferative neoplasms. For more information, the following algorithms are available:


-Erythrocytosis Evaluation Testing Algorithm

-Myeloproliferative Neoplasm: A Diagnostic Approach to Bone Marrow Evaluation

-Myeloproliferative Neoplasm: A Diagnostic Approach to Peripheral Blood Evaluation

Method Name

Allele-Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction (AS-PCR) and Sanger Sequencing

Reporting Name

PV (JAK2 V617F, Exon 12-15) Reflex

Specimen Type


Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 8 mL
Bone Marrow: 2 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 5 days
  Ambient  5 days

Clinical Information

The Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene codes for a tyrosine kinase (JAK2) that is associated with the cytoplasmic portion of a variety of transmembrane cytokine and growth factor receptors important for signal transduction in hematopoietic cells. Signaling via JAK2 activation causes phosphorylation of downstream signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins (eg, STAT5) ultimately leading to cell growth and differentiation. The JAK2 V617F mutation is located in exon 14 and present in 50% to 60% of primary myelofibrosis and essential thrombocythemia and in 95% to 98% of polycythemia vera (PV). In the rest of the PV cases, over 50 different mutations have been reported within exons 12 through 15 of JAK2, and essentially all of the non-V617F JAK2 mutations have been identified in PV. These mutations include point alterations and small insertions or deletions. Several of the exon 12 mutations have been shown to have biologic effects similar to those caused by the V617F mutation such that it is currently assumed other nonpolymorphic mutations have similar clinical effects. However, some mutations may not be well characterized and requires further clinical and research evaluation.

Reference Values

An interpretive report will be provided.


The results will be reported as 1 of the 3 following states:

-Positive for JAK2 V617F mutation

-Positive for JAK2 mutation (other than V617F)

-Negative for JAK2 mutations


If the result is positive, a description of the mutation at the nucleotide level and the altered protein sequence are reported.


A positive mutation status is highly suggestive of a myeloid neoplasm and may support a diagnosis of polycythemia vera in the appropriate clinical setting. Correlation with clinicopathologic findings and other laboratory results is necessary in all cases.


A negative mutation status makes a diagnosis of polycythemia vera highly unlikely, although it does not completely exclude this possibility, other myeloproliferative neoplasms or other neoplasms.

Clinical Reference

1. Baxter EJ, Scott LM, Campbell PJ, et al: Acquired mutation of the tyrosine kinase JAK2 in human myeloproliferative disorders. Lancet. 2005 Mar;365(9464):1054-1061. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71142-9

2. James C, Ugo V, Le Couedic JP, et al: A unique clonal JAK2 mutation leading to constitutive signaling causes polycythaemia vera. Nature. 2005 Apr;434(7037):1144-1148. doi: 10.1038/nature03546

3. Kralovics R, Passamonti F, Buser AS, et al: A gain-of-function mutation of JAK2 in myeloproliferative disorders. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr;352(17):1779-1790. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa051113

4. Steensma DP, Dewald GW, Lasho TL, et al: The JAK2 V617F activating tyrosine kinase mutation is an infrequent event in both "atypical" myeloproliferative disorders and the myelodysplastic syndrome. Blood. 2005 Aug;106(4):1207-1209. doi: 10.1182/blood-2005-03-1183

5. Ma W, Kantarjian H, Zhang X, et al: Mutation profile of JAK2 transcripts in patients with chronic myeloid neoplasias. J Mol Diagn. 2009 Jan;11(1):49-53

6. Kilpivaara O, Levine RL: JAK2 and MPL mutations in myeloproliferative neoplasms: discovery and science. Leukemia. 2008 Oct;22(10):1813-1817. doi: 10.1038/leu.2008.229

7. Kravolics R: Genetic complexity of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Leukemia. 2008 Oct;22(10):1841-1848. doi: 10.1038/leu.2008.233

8. Defour JP, Chachoua I, Pecquet C, Constantinescu SN: Oncogenic activation of MPL/thrombopoietin receptor by 17 mutations at W515: implications for myeloproliferative neoplasms. Leukemia. 2016; 30:1214-1216. doi: 10.1038/leu.2015.271

9. Tefferi A: The classic myeloproliferative neoplasms: Chronic myelogenous leukemia, polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis. In: Valle DL, Antonarakis S, Ballabio A, Beaudet AL, Mitchell GA, eds. The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. McGraw-Hill; 2019, Accessed March 16, 2022. Available at

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Friday

Report Available

7 to 10 days

Test Classification

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

81270-JAK2 V617

0027U (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
PVJAK PV (JAK2 V617F, Exon 12-15) Reflex In Process


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
42395 PV Reflex Result 43399-5
MP037 Specimen Type 31208-2
42394 Final Diagnosis 50398-7
Mayo Clinic Laboratories | Hematology Catalog Additional Information: